C. Setting up Stone Monuments
On top of the French and American invasions, the absurd action by a German merchant further aggravated the feelings of Heungseon Daewongun and the people of Joseon. A German merchant named Oppert attempted to rob the grave of Prince Namyeon, the father of Daewongun but was caught by the local residents and fled. As extremely well-mannered people, the people of Joseon traditionally took particular care of their ancestors. Daewongun was therefore enraged that such an unimaginable act had taken place. Daewongun viewed Western people as very dangerous and adamantly rejected any contact with them. He had stone monuments set up at points throughout the country, which were incised with the following words:to drive out the Western forces if they were to invade.
“If we do not fight but appease the Western barbarians who invade our land, it will be a betrayal of our nation.” - Admonition to my descendents