• History of Korea
  • Ⅰ. Prehistoric Culture on the Korean peninsula and the Formation of States
  • 1. Origin of the Korean People
  • B. The Han People of Korea Were Established During the Neolithic Age and the Bronze Age

The Ice Age ended around 8000 B.C.2)The geographical features of the areas surrounding Korea substantially became what they are today. The climate, too, became similar to what it is today. During this period, people used sharp-edged tools made by chipping large stones. People lived by hunting and catching fish with these tools. Gradually, they began to engage in farming and raising livestock. As they changed from a hunting and gathering economy to one of production, people stopped migrating and began to settle down in one place. They came out of the caves and began to build houses. Gradually, a form of settled communal life developed and villages were established. Around the 15th to 10th century B.C., during the Bronze Age, rice cultivation was introduced and agriculture was developed. People’s lives became more stabilized and villages grouped together to form larger communities. Political societies were organized in various parts of the region. People who settled on the Korean peninsula during this period, as well as those who migrated from the north in search of a warmer climate, became the ancestors of the Korean people of today. History books record them as the Yemaek people or the Han people of Korea. The word Hanguk, meaning Korea, is derived from the Han people.

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Prehistoric relics of Korea - where remains from the Paleolithic and Neolithic Ages were unearthed
Prehistoric relics of Korea - where remains from the Paleolithic and Neolithic Ages were unearthed
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단원 들어가기
고조선
한국사 70만 년 전 구석기 문화 기원전 8000년 신석기 문화 기원전 2333년 고조선(단군 조선)시작 기원전 1000 년경 청동기 문화 확산, 고조선 발전 기원전 4세기 고조선 연과 충돌, 철기 문화 기원전 2 세기 위만조선, 한반도와 만주 지역 확장 기원전 108년 고조선 멸망, 여러 소국 등장 기원전 57 ~ 18 신라, 고구려, 백제 성립 서기 28 가락국 시조 수로왕 즉위 세계사 기원전 3500년 메소포타미아 문명 탄생 기원전 1600년경 중국 은(상)왕조 상립 기원전 600년경 로마 성립 기원전 563년 부처 탄생 기원전 492년 페르시아 전쟁 기원전 221년 진, 중국 통일 기원전 146년 로마, 카르타고 섬멸 서기 32 예수처형
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단원 요약
한반도와 만주 지역에는 구석기 시대부터 사람이 살았다. 이들 가운데 현재의 한국인 원형을 이룬 사람 들은 신석기 시대에서 청동기 시대에 이 곳에서 농사를 짓고 가축을 기르며 정착한 사람들이었다. 이들에 의해 최초로 탄생한 국가가 고조선이다. 고조선은 기원전 4~2세기 무렵 만주 일부와 한반도를 아우르는 강대한 국가로 자라났으며, 기원전 2세기 이후에는 만주와 한반도 일대에서 여러 국가가 새로 일어나 서로 경쟁하며 발전하게 되었다.
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Abstract
The Korean peninsula and Manchuria have been inhabited since the Paleolithic ( ‘Old Stone’) Age. The ethnic ancestors of today’s Korean people settled on the Korean peninsula from the Neolithic Stone Age to the Bronze Age and engaged in rice cultivation and raising livestock. The very first state established by these inhabitants known as Old Joseon (Gojoseon). From the fourth century B.C. to the second century B.C., Old Joseon developed into a central power within Manchuria and the Korean peninsula. Following the second century B.C., several states formed in Manchuria and the Korean peninsula, and developed at a rapid pace by interacting with each other.
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책목차 글자확대 글자축소 이전페이지 다음페이지 페이지상단이동 오류신고