• History of Korea
  • Ⅳ. The Establishment and Development of the Aristocratic Society of Goryeo
  • 4. Goryeo Stands against Foreign Aggressions
  • E. Goryeo Repels the Red Turbans and the Japanese Marauders

Taking advantage of the weakened power of Yuan, the Red Turbans, a powerful Chinese brigand force, arose in northern China. They invaded various territories of the Yuan. One of these bands fled into the territories of Goryeo upon attack from the Yuan. At one point, Gaegyeong was seized by the Red Turban invaders, and King Gongmin was forced to flee, but Goryo forces soon drove them away. However, it was the raids of the Japanese marauders (waegu) that put Goryeo in a crisis. The fallen, low-class warriors of Japan, came by sea, landed along the Goryeo coast and launched numerous raids. Due to the rampant raids by the waegu, taxes could no longer be brought to the capital, causing it to face economic difficulties. The coastal regions became devastated and even the inland areas far away from the coasts suffered great damage. Goryeo exerted its strength in suppressing the waegu, and erected defensive facilities. Choi Mu-seon achieved outstanding success in destroying 500 Japanese ships with the gunpower weapons he produced. The military commanders, including Choi Yeong and Yi Seong-gye, who accomplished major victories in destroying the Red Turbans and the Japanese marauders, won the trust of the king and the peasantry, and their influences mounted.

The Red Turbans and Waegu are driven away
The Red Turbans and Waegu are driven away
팝업창 닫기

단원 들어가기
한국사 918 고려 건국 935 신라 멸망 936 후삼국 통일 1019 귀주 대첩 1126 이자겸의 난 1135 묘청의 서경 천도 운동 1170 무신 정변 1231 몽골의 침입 1236 고려 대장경 제작(~1251) 1388 위화도 회군 세계사 960 송의 건국 1192 일본, 가마쿠라 막부 성립 1206 징기즈칸의 몽골 통일 1338 영국과 프랑스의 백년 전쟁(~1453) 1368 원의 멸망과 명의 건국
팝업창 닫기
단원 요약
고려는 후삼국을 통일하고 발해 유민을 받아들여 한민족 전체를 아우른 통일 국가로 발전하였다. 고려는 불교를 국가의 종교로 숭상하고 유교를 통치의 원리로 삼아 중앙 집권적인 통치 체제를 확립하였다. 고려는 거란, 여진, 몽골 등의 침입을 받아 어려움을 겪었지만 이를 슬기롭게 극복하면서, 고려 대장경, 고려청자와 같은 세계적인 문화 유산을 남겼다. 나아가 개방적인 대외 정책을 통해 고려(코리아)의 이름이 세계에 널리 알려지게 되었다.
팝업창 닫기
Goryeo unified the Later Three Kingdoms, accepted the displaced people of Balhae and united all the people of Korea. Goryeo officially recognized Buddhism as the state religion, while establishing Confucianis as the principle for ruling. Goryeo struggled under invasions from the Khitan, the Jurchen and the Mongols, and wisely overcame these hardships. It left behind such great cultural heritages as the Tripitaka Koreana and Goryeo celadon. Furthermore, through its open foreign policies, it succeeded in making the name Goryeo (Corea) widely known throughout the world.
팝업창 닫기
책목차 글자확대 글자축소 이전페이지 다음페이지 페이지상단이동 오류신고