• History of Korea
  • Ⅰ. Prehistoric Culture on the Korean peninsula and the Formation of States
  • 2. Foundation and Development of Old Joseon
  • A. Manchuria and the Korean Peninsula Were in a Different Cultural Zone from the Yellow River Civilization

During the 15th century to 10th century B.C., tools made from bronze were introduced in Manchuria and Korea. However, bronze artifacts uncovered in these regions are clearly distinguishable from those of the Yin and Zhou Dynasties, which based their origins on the Yellow River Civilization. The bronze daggers uncovered in Manchuria and the Korean peninsula resemble a mandolin, an ancient musical instrument, and thus have been named‘ mandolin-shaped bronze dagger’. They are clearly distinct in shape from the bronze daggers of China. The bronze daggers of Korea are also more rich in zinc than those of China. The distribution areas of these mandolin-shaped bronze daggers are virtually the same as the distribution of the ‘northern-type’, table-shaped dolmen tombs. Ancient history books of China record the existence of a people clearly diverse from their own in the east where the Chinese Han people lived. Records also show that these people moved to the east around the 25th century B.C. These records depict the activities of the ethnic ancestors of the Korean people.

Cultural Heritage of Korea

Dolmen of Korea That are Registered as World Cultural Heritage

Found in various locales in Korea and Manchuria are relics made of giant rocks that remind us of the stone statues on Easter Island or Stonehenge in England. Most of these dolmen mark the tombs of generals in the Bronze Age. These dolmen burial sites in Ganghwado, Incheon, Gochang in North Jeolla Province, and Hwasun in South Jeolla Province have been designated as World Cultural Heritages by UNESCO.
The fact that these dolmen tombs built in honor of generals are oversized shows that the military wielded great power at the time. During this period, rice cultivation became much more sophisticated. Even in the same tribe, a gap existed between the rich and the poor. There was also a clear chasm between stronger tribes and weaker ones. The tribe that owned sharp-edged weapons made of bronze frequently attacked the weaker tribes, plundered their belongings, and enslaved the people.
Many of the dolmens were small in size and some were presumed to have been used as altars.

확대보기
The ‘northern-type’dolmen (Eun-yul, Hwanghae Province)
The ‘northern-type’dolmen (Eun-yul, Hwanghae Province)
팝업창 닫기
확대보기
The ‘southern-type’dolmen (Gochang, North Jeolla Province)
The ‘southern-type’dolmen (Gochang, North Jeolla Province)
팝업창 닫기

확대보기
Mandolin-shaped bronze dagger and the Chinese bronze dagger
Mandolin-shaped bronze dagger and the Chinese bronze dagger
팝업창 닫기


단원 들어가기
고조선
한국사 70만 년 전 구석기 문화 기원전 8000년 신석기 문화 기원전 2333년 고조선(단군 조선)시작 기원전 1000 년경 청동기 문화 확산, 고조선 발전 기원전 4세기 고조선 연과 충돌, 철기 문화 기원전 2 세기 위만조선, 한반도와 만주 지역 확장 기원전 108년 고조선 멸망, 여러 소국 등장 기원전 57 ~ 18 신라, 고구려, 백제 성립 서기 28 가락국 시조 수로왕 즉위 세계사 기원전 3500년 메소포타미아 문명 탄생 기원전 1600년경 중국 은(상)왕조 상립 기원전 600년경 로마 성립 기원전 563년 부처 탄생 기원전 492년 페르시아 전쟁 기원전 221년 진, 중국 통일 기원전 146년 로마, 카르타고 섬멸 서기 32 예수처형
팝업창 닫기
단원 요약
한반도와 만주 지역에는 구석기 시대부터 사람이 살았다. 이들 가운데 현재의 한국인 원형을 이룬 사람 들은 신석기 시대에서 청동기 시대에 이 곳에서 농사를 짓고 가축을 기르며 정착한 사람들이었다. 이들에 의해 최초로 탄생한 국가가 고조선이다. 고조선은 기원전 4~2세기 무렵 만주 일부와 한반도를 아우르는 강대한 국가로 자라났으며, 기원전 2세기 이후에는 만주와 한반도 일대에서 여러 국가가 새로 일어나 서로 경쟁하며 발전하게 되었다.
팝업창 닫기
Abstract
The Korean peninsula and Manchuria have been inhabited since the Paleolithic ( ‘Old Stone’) Age. The ethnic ancestors of today’s Korean people settled on the Korean peninsula from the Neolithic Stone Age to the Bronze Age and engaged in rice cultivation and raising livestock. The very first state established by these inhabitants known as Old Joseon (Gojoseon). From the fourth century B.C. to the second century B.C., Old Joseon developed into a central power within Manchuria and the Korean peninsula. Following the second century B.C., several states formed in Manchuria and the Korean peninsula, and developed at a rapid pace by interacting with each other.
팝업창 닫기
책목차 글자확대 글자축소 이전페이지 다음페이지 페이지상단이동 오류신고