• History of Korea
  • Ⅰ. Prehistoric Culture on the Korean peninsula and the Formation of States
  • 2. Foundation and Development of Old Joseon
  • B. Old Joseon, the Very First State in Korea, Is Established

Samguk Yusa, the book on the legends and history of the Three Kingdoms of Ancient Korea, written by Buddhist priest Ilyeon during the latter period of the Goryeo Kingdom, records the foundation of Old Joseon. According to the book, Hwanung, who had the power to command the clouds, rain and wind, descended from the heavens and had a son named Dangun Wanggeom. Dangun later founded Old Joseon3)

There are many mythological legends related to the birth of Danggun Wanggeom and the foundation of Old Joseon. In many cases, however, the foundation of other nations are also based on mythology. From these records, the lives of people back then can be grasped. Through these documents, however, the lives of the people at the time can be understood as follows : Old Joseon was established in Manchuria and the Korean peninsula at the start of the Bronze Age, and that it was an agrarian society at the time judging by the fact that Hwanung commanded the rain, clouds and the wind.

By about the 7th century B.C., Old Joseon had developed to the point where its existence was known in China. By around the 4th century B.C., Old Joseon became sufficiently powerful as to wage war with the Chinese state of Yen.

It was during the second century B.C. that Old Joseon reached its peak of expansion, immediately after a leader by the name of Wiman succeeded Dangun Joseon. Taking advantage of the iron culture, Wiman and his successors combined the small and large tribal forces in the northern part of the Korean peninsula. History books of China record that the“ territory of Old Joseon expanded to thousands of kilometers in all directions.”Old Joseon, in particular, was a powerful nation that controlled vast areas based on a well-knit administrative system. It became a powerful force of the East, that resisted the attack by the Han Dynasty of China, and united China for more than a year.

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The range of the sovereignty of Old Joseon
The range of the sovereignty of Old Joseon
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The mandolinshaped bronze daggers and the ‘northern-type’dolmens have been found where the Dongijok tribe lived.
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States Following Old Joseon (after the 4th century B.C.)
States Following Old Joseon (after the 4th century B.C.)
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단원 들어가기
고조선
한국사 70만 년 전 구석기 문화 기원전 8000년 신석기 문화 기원전 2333년 고조선(단군 조선)시작 기원전 1000 년경 청동기 문화 확산, 고조선 발전 기원전 4세기 고조선 연과 충돌, 철기 문화 기원전 2 세기 위만조선, 한반도와 만주 지역 확장 기원전 108년 고조선 멸망, 여러 소국 등장 기원전 57 ~ 18 신라, 고구려, 백제 성립 서기 28 가락국 시조 수로왕 즉위 세계사 기원전 3500년 메소포타미아 문명 탄생 기원전 1600년경 중국 은(상)왕조 상립 기원전 600년경 로마 성립 기원전 563년 부처 탄생 기원전 492년 페르시아 전쟁 기원전 221년 진, 중국 통일 기원전 146년 로마, 카르타고 섬멸 서기 32 예수처형
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단원 요약
한반도와 만주 지역에는 구석기 시대부터 사람이 살았다. 이들 가운데 현재의 한국인 원형을 이룬 사람 들은 신석기 시대에서 청동기 시대에 이 곳에서 농사를 짓고 가축을 기르며 정착한 사람들이었다. 이들에 의해 최초로 탄생한 국가가 고조선이다. 고조선은 기원전 4~2세기 무렵 만주 일부와 한반도를 아우르는 강대한 국가로 자라났으며, 기원전 2세기 이후에는 만주와 한반도 일대에서 여러 국가가 새로 일어나 서로 경쟁하며 발전하게 되었다.
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Abstract
The Korean peninsula and Manchuria have been inhabited since the Paleolithic ( ‘Old Stone’) Age. The ethnic ancestors of today’s Korean people settled on the Korean peninsula from the Neolithic Stone Age to the Bronze Age and engaged in rice cultivation and raising livestock. The very first state established by these inhabitants known as Old Joseon (Gojoseon). From the fourth century B.C. to the second century B.C., Old Joseon developed into a central power within Manchuria and the Korean peninsula. Following the second century B.C., several states formed in Manchuria and the Korean peninsula, and developed at a rapid pace by interacting with each other.
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책목차 글자확대 글자축소 이전페이지 다음페이지 페이지상단이동 오류신고