History of Korea

Ⅶ. Opening of the Nation


Joseon established contact with China only and did not make exchanges with any other nations. This left the nation in darkness in the international arena and far behind in modern civilization. At this juncture, several countries approached Joseon, seeking trade. In line with these changes at the time, some called for an opening and reforming of the nation. It was during this period that Japan forcefully opened Joseon to the outside world.
After opening the doors to the nation, Joseon accepted many cultures of the outside world. On the other hand, foreign imperialist powers struggled among themselves to invade Joseon. During such a chaotic period, the people of Korea nurtured their own strength and fought against the foreign forces, particularly the Japanese. Soon, however, the nation fell to the Japanese.