History of Korea

Ⅲ. The Development of the Unified Silla and Balhae


The confrontation among the Three Kingdoms entered into full swing with the advancement of Silla into the Han River basin and finally came to an end with the establishment of Unified Silla and the founding of Balhae. The prolonged war had ended and an era of peace followed.
The economy and culture of Silla thrived. The Buddhist culture best represented by the Bulguk Temple and Seokguram Grotto were widely recognized as great advancements. Through international exchanges, Silla actively participated in the flow of world affairs. Balhae, which had succeeded Goguryeo, boasted national strength and cultural level so advanced that it was referred to as the‘ flourishing land in the East’.