Ⅳ. The Establishment and Development of the Aristocratic Society of Goryeo
- 1. Goryeo Once again Unites the People
- 2. The Flourishing Aristocratic Society
- 3. A Society Ruled by Military Officials
- 4. Goryeo Stands against Foreign Aggressions
Goryeo unified the Later Three Kingdoms, accepted the displaced people of Balhae and united all the people of Korea. Goryeo officially recognized Buddhism as the state religion, while establishing Confucianis as the principle for ruling. Goryeo struggled under invasions from the Khitan, the Jurchen and the Mongols, and wisely overcame these hardships. It left behind such great cultural heritages as the Tripitaka Koreana and Goryeo celadon. Furthermore, through its open foreign policies, it succeeded in making the name Goryeo (Corea) widely known throughout the world.